Topics : Resurgence fears Those findings were “crucial for policy makers everywhere”, said Tim Colbourn, an expert in global health epidemiology at University College London, who was not directly involved in the study.Stunned by the disease’s rapid spread, governments around the world are trying to replicate China’s draconian lockdown measures while also working out the risk of recurrences once the epidemic peaks have passed in their countries.”Our results won’t look exactly the same in another country,” said Yang Liu, an LSHTM expert who also worked on the research. “But we think one thing probably applies everywhere: physical distancing measures are very useful, and we need to carefully adjust their lifting to avoid subsequent waves of infection … If those waves come too quickly, that could overwhelm health systems.”World Health Organization director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on Wednesday expressed the same view, saying lockdowns were the best way to curb transmission.”The last thing any country needs is to open schools and businesses only to be forced to close them again because of a resurgence,” he said. “The city now needs to be really careful to avoid prematurely lifting physical distancing measures, because that could lead to an earlier secondary peak in cases,” said Kiesha Prem, a specialist at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (LSHTM), who co-led the research.”If they relax the restrictions gradually, this is likely to both delay and flatten the peak.”The study used mathematical modeling to simulate either extending or relaxing school and workplace closures in Wuhan, a city of 11 million people whose name has become synonymous with the coronavirus for much of the world.By lifting control measures now, a second rush of infections may occur in late August, the analysis suggested. But keeping lockdown measures until April would likely delay a second peak until October — giving healthcare workers a chance to regroup. Extending school and work closures at the coronavirus’ ground zero in China may delay a second wave of infections, researchers said on Thursday, urging the rest of the world to take note.With containment measures largely successful and the epidemic’s epicenter now in Europe, China has loosened a two-month lockdown in the city of Wuhan where the new coronavirus is thought to have jumped from wildlife to people late last year.But a study in The Lancet Public Health journal suggested continuing Wuhan’s shutdowns until April would push a potential second wave of COVID-19 – the disease caused by the new virus – until later in the year. That would give health services more time to recover and expand, potentially saving lives.
Blood supplies in Medan, North Sumatra, are running low as fewer people participate in blood drives as a result of the social distancing policy and the COVID-19 outbreak.Medan Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) blood donation unit head Harry Butar-Butar said the unit currently had 500 bags of blood, while normally there should be 1,500 bags.“People are reluctant to donate blood in the pandemic situation. This is alarming as many patients with diseases other than COVID-19, such as cancer and anemia, require the blood,” he said in a press briefing on Wednesday. He urged the public not to ignore the importance of treating diseases other than COVID-19.Harry encouraged residents not to be afraid to donate their blood during the outbreak as the Medan blood unit had implemented COVID-19 protective measures.The measures, he explained, included limiting the number of donors entering the room, requiring donors to keep two meters away from each other and regulating inflow and outflow so that donors would not have to come in contact with one another.Harry emphasized that donating blood would not reduce immunity; it could actually increase the body’s immunity, he asserted.”Blood donation has many health benefits. A healthy body will certainly increase immunity,” he said, adding that people who routinely donated blood were less likely to develop high blood pressure, diabetes and other illnesses. (aly)Topics :
‘Trigger warning’ Legal stumbling blocks Lawyer Lu Xiaoquan noted that sexual assault is not a crime on its own in Chinese law, although specific offences are punishable — including rape, indecency and child molestation.Child molestation for example attracts up to five years’ jail, and can rise to 15 years depending on the charges.But Lu said that challenges lie in filing a case, obtaining evidence, appealing and getting justice.In recent years, China has made moves to step up protection for minors.Last October, the country proposed changes to its child protection laws, including means to address sexual abuse and bullying. Yantai police have since set up a special working group, and state broadcaster CCTV reported Monday that central government officials have sent a joint supervision team to Shandong to oversee the case.The allegations sparked outrage across China, with many sharing their own encounters with sexual assault or harassment on its Twitter-like platform Weibo, in hopes of raising awareness or effecting change. Topics : A high-profile sexual assault investigation in China has prompted many to come forward online with similar experiences of abuse in a country where it remains tough to get justice for such crimes.A prominent Chinese lawyer who sat on the board of telecoms equipment maker ZTE stepped down last week after local media reported he was being investigated for sexually assaulting his teenage foster daughter — sparking heated discussion on social media with celebrities joining in the fray.Bao Yuming’s resignation, announced by ZTE on Friday, came a day after local authorities in the eastern Shandong province’s Yantai city said they reopened a sexual assault case involving an adoptive father surnamed Bao. A 20-year-old university student surnamed Wang questioned the lack of emphasis on sexual education in China.She told AFP that when she was around six, she would often be duped into having sex with an older teenage neighbor from her village in the central Hubei province.She only truly understood what happened after watching a film at an older age.”I kept dreaming that he would look me up again… Television shows often depict those who have been raped as dirty, unable to get married and unwanted, and I never dared tell my family about it,” she said.She was among some 94,000 people who posted under the hashtag “trigger warning” on Weibo.As of Monday evening, the topic had been read 210 million times.Another student surnamed Yu said Bao’s case made her recall her own experience with harassment — she was groped twice on public transport as a schoolgirl.”I wanted to turn around to scold him but didn’t dare to,” she wrote in a Weibo post, adding that she remembered wondering if he would threaten her with a knife.She told AFP: “I am just a student with no power and hope that the people who do, or everyone’s collective strength, can truly solve the problem and make society a better place.”Celebrities also spoke up in support of minors who have been abused.Award-winning actress Zhang Ziyi said in a Weibo post Friday: “Do you know why sexual assault of minors occurs again and again? They are exposed time and again but vanish each time… Without severe punishment.”
William continued by saying that the company continuously built, developed and improved its procedures and prevention and mitigation measures in its security systems according to the best standards in the world.“As an added precaution, we have advised all users of additional steps they should take to ensure they are protected, such as changing their password on Tokopedia, not using the same password on other digital platforms and not sharing OTP codes with anyone for any reason,” he said, adding that user passwords were encrypted with one-way encryption.Previously, Communications and Information Minister Johnny G. Plate said that users’ financial data were “safe” after a meeting with Tokopedia’s board of directors.“Tokopedia has explained that user accounts and financial data are safe,” the minister said. “It was conveyed [during the meeting that Tokopedia’s] security system cannot be breached, although data relating to names, emails and telephone numbers may have partly been accessed by hackers.” E-commerce platform Tokopedia has announced that it has appointed an independent global institution specializing in cybersecurity to improve its security system following the recent data breach that affected millions of its users.The decision was publicized in a letter sent by the Tokopedia CEO William Tanuwijaya to all its users on Tuesday, more than a week after the report on the data breach circulated.“On May 2, 2020, we became aware of a theft of Tokopedia users’ personal data by an unauthorized third party,” William said in the letter. Topics : He said the company had taken steps to address the incident, including informing all users, commencing an investigation and taking necessary actions to ensure the safety and security of its users’ accounts and transactions.“In addition to a thorough internal investigation, we have also appointed a top independent global institution specializing in cybersecurity to help investigate the data theft and identify additional protection enhancements for our users’ data,” he said.Cybersecurity research collective Under the Breach previously reported that up to 91 million records, including email addresses and encrypted passwords from the company’s user database were put up for sale on the dark web for US$5,000.Since then, Tokopedia has been collaborating with government agencies including the Communications and Information Ministry and the National Cyber and Encryption Agency (BSSN) to investigate the incident.
Strict coronavirus lockdowns in Guatemala and El Salvador have so battered local economies that hundreds of families are flying white flags outside their homes or waving them in the street: not in surrender, but to seek food and assistance.After 50 days of lockdown that has snuffed out their livelihoods, Ana Orellana and three neighbors put up a white flag and a sign asking for food on the graffiti-scrawled concrete boarding house they share in central San Salvador, the capital of El Salvador.Orellana, a street vendor of coffee, said that since the government ordered people to stay home in March, she has had no income to pay for food or the $75 monthly rent on the room she inhabits alone in the building. Now she takes turns with her neighbors to scavenge throwaway food at a city market. “I go looking through the bins where the rubbish is,” the 51-year-old said. “I go to the Tiendona market to get stuff, because we really don’t have tomatoes or onions now, and we make a tomato stew here without oil, just parboiled.”Alongside the white flag is a misspelled sign over a boarded up window saying “we were not beneficiaries” to signal they did not receive a $300 voucher issued in March by President Nayib Bukele to 1.5 million poor families, about three-quarters of the population.The bleak outlook for Orellana and her companions extends deep into Central America and much of Latin America, where the pandemic threatens to worsen chronic poverty among the millions of people who live hand-to-mouth.Food protests have broken out in countries including Venezuela and Chile. El Salvador and neighboring Guatemala, two of the poorest countries in the Americas, have borne some of the strictest quarantine measures. In towns and villages across the two countries, hundreds of signs have gone up asking for food, and people have taken to the streets to wave white flags in distress.Food parcels from the national government and donations from ordinary people have helped to alleviate some of the want, but resources are stretched.”We’re worried about the virus and food, because if the virus doesn’t kill us, hunger will,” said Jose Rodriguez, 69, a street vendor who lives in another San Salvador boarding house with 100 other people. “We desperately need things to eat.”Guatemala’s government says it has delivered nearly 190,000 food boxes to over 1.2 million people, about 7% of the population. In El Salvador, security forces began handing out 1.7 million bags of food to the poor on Sunday.Color codingAfter Guatemala’s government erected the first sanitary cordon around the impoverished municipality of Patzun on April 5 to contain the virus, hundreds of cut-off residents began putting up rags and white cloths in a call for help.Pictures of the houses festooned with white signs began to circulate on social media, and the phenomenon soon spread to other parts of Guatemala, and eventually, El Salvador.Micaela Ventura, a 24-year-old shoe seller in Guatemala City, started using a flag about six weeks ago.”We put it out because we need food,” she said, “because we have nothing to give our children, and can’t pay for our room.”A color coding system has developed in Guatemala. Red flags indicate medicines are needed, black alert the police to violence, and yellow ones to attacks on children.Guatemala has reported 45 deaths and 2,265 infections from the virus, while El Salvador has confirmed 32 fatalities and 1,640 cases. Neighboring Honduras, where the poor have also gone out to beg for food, has registered 3,100 cases and 151 deaths.Traditionally, those who see no future for themselves in the three countries, which have long been plagued by violence, have emigrated to the United States by any means possible.Maria Jauria, a 21-year-old housewife and mother of two living in the central Guatemalan department of Chimaltenango, said there was so little work that her bricklayer husband has had to start selling the very things he needs for his job.”We’ve been going out with the white flags for a month, and yes, some people have helped us out with food,” she said. “But the truth is, my husband has been selling his tools so we have something to eat.” Topics :
Saan Mustopa, deputy chairman of the House Commission II overseeing home affairs, told the Post on Friday that nine political party factions at the legislative body were still divided over the draft, saying only the ruling Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) and the Golkar Party had so far agreed to adopt the closed-list system.”This draft is still very open for changes as factions are still divided over it. Each faction is currently in discussion and we will deliberate the draft again on Monday. After that, we will send the draft to the Baleg [House Legislative Body],” the NasDem Party politician said.The PDI-P and Golkar — the two largest political parties at the House and largest supporters of the government — have been rallying support for the revision since the beginning of 2020 as both parties argue that the closed-list system, which was applied during the 1999 and 2004 legislative elections, would reduce vote-buying and the fierce competition among candidates within a party or against those from other parties.All factions were also still divided over raising the parliamentary threshold, with only the NasDem Party and Golkar agree on the 7 percent threshold, Saan said. “The PDI-P, meanwhile, still wants to maintain the current threshold, as well as the others.”Therefore, he said, the draft might be changed to add several options. For instance, the provision on the electoral system might include a list of factions that agree with the open-list system and those that support the closed-list system. The draft might also include some parliamentary threshold options.All factions, however, unanimously agreed to maintain simultaneous general elections for the national legislature, regional representatives and the presidency.”The 2024 elections will still have the same with five ballot boxes [at the polls],” he said, adding that the House was still looking at the possibility to separate legislative and executive elections between the central and regional administration as proposed by some experts after the 2019 general elections.Experts, however, have opposed the idea of reinstating the closed-list system and increasing the parliamentary threshold, saying they were not a solution to the issues surrounding elections in Indonesia and would distort the people’s sovereignty.Edward Aspinall, a professor at the Australian National University who has researched vote-buying across Southeast Asia, said there were also consequences of ditching the current system, saying that it might trigger corrupt practices within the party with candidates attempting to purchase positions from party leaders.He went on to say that the country should instead consider a mixed-list system that would also have a proportional element.Titi Anggraini of election watchdog the Association for Elections and Democracy (Perludem) said that a higher parliamentary threshold would not necessarily increase the number of legitimate votes and would instead increase the chance for wasted votes.“More parties would fail to meet the legislative threshold and this would result in political dissatisfaction,” she said.Lawmakers are set to finish deliberating the bill in 2021, well before the next general elections in 2024.“Hopefully, we will have enough time to finish it this year,” said Zulfikar Arse Sadikin of the Golkar Party.Saan echoed Zulkifar’s sentiment, saying that he would like to see the bill resolved in early 2021 “so that we will have more time to raise awareness about it among public and in case individuals or groups want to challenge it when it passes into law”.Topics : The House of Representatives is mulling over changing the current open-list proportional representation electoral system and raising the 4 percent minimum parliamentary threshold in a proposed revision to Law No. 7/2017 on general elections.Article 206 of the draft bill, a copy of which was obtained by The Jakarta Post, the House proposes to change the current system that allows legislative candidates with the most votes to automatically secure seats after the election into a closed-list system that will grant political parties the power to decide which candidates would represent them in legislative bodies.The House also seeks to increase the parliamentary threshold from 4 to 7 percent as stipulated in Article 217 of the draft bill dated May 6.
Brazil will instead join the other South American nations and “support Colombia in the dispute to host” the tournament, the organization said.Brazil’s withdrawal means Colombia, Japan and a joint bid from Australia and New Zealand are the remaining contenders to host the 32-team tournament. Brazil has withdrawn its candidacy to host the 2023 Women’s World Cup, with the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF) saying the government did not consider it wise to offer financial guarantees in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic.”Because of the fiscal and economic austerity brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic, (the government) thought it would not be recommended to right now sign the guarantees asked for by FIFA,” the CBF said in a statement on Monday.Brazil has hosted a string of international sporting competitions in recent years – including the World Cup in 2014, the Olympic Games in 2016 and the Copa America in 2019 – and the CBF also felt they were outsiders to host yet another major event. Topics :
Magdalene co-founder and editor in chief Devi Asmarani said the cyberattacks had been occurring regularly since the end of May. “They debilitate our website, and every time we get it back up, they shut it down again,” Devi told The Jakarta Post on Thursday. She said she was unsure of the motives behind the attack. However, she said, “Some people might dislike the sensitive content and criticism published by Magdalene.”Established in September 2013 by Devi and fellow female journalists Hera Diani and Karina Anjani, the bilingual feminist website has vocally advocated for women’s rights, LGBT rights, and gender equality. The site has more than 42,000 followers on Instagram and nearly 68,000 followers on Twitter. Devi said the site got approximately 500,000 page views per month.”Because of the attacks, our web traffic has dropped and we have lost our revenue and page views,” she said.Another feminist publication, Konde.co, has experienced a cyberattack on its Twitter account, which forced it to create a new one, @konde_co.Terima kasih, Magdalene.Betul, beberapa waktu belakangan, @konde_co juga mengalami serangan ini. Akun ini adalah akun media sosial kami yang baru. Mohon dukungannya ya, teman-teman pembaca.🧡 https://t.co/4IfI3YvkJd— kondedotco (@konde_co) June 10, 2020In a post thanking Magdalene for its support, Konde said its previous Twitter account had been attacked numerous times, prompting the publication to create a new one.According to the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI) Jakarta, Konde had trouble accessing its previous Twitter account on May 15. Konde also received notifications on forced login attempts from Surabaya, Yogyakarta and the Netherlands.The AJI said Konde had hosted a discussion for Konde Women’s Talk on a case of alleged sexual abuse by IM, an alumni of the Indonesian Islamic University (UII) in Yogyakarta.Konde.co has also published several articles in relation to the case, which were used to put pressure on the Australian government and the University of Melbourne to revoke a prestigious scholarship awarded to IM.AJI Jakarta advocacy team head Erick Tanjung said the organization was looking into the attacks.”We condemn any form of intimidation against journalists or media outlets that have been critical in delivering news,” he told the Post.Editor’s note: This article has been updated with information on Konde.co.Topics : Online feminist publication Magdalene.co has suffered a series of cyberattacks over the past month, which has made it difficult for readers to access the website.”Hi friends, the Magdalene website often cannot be accessed because we have been experiencing a lot of attacks over the past month,” the Magdalene official Twitter account @the_magdalene wrote on Wednesday.Hi teman-teman, website Magdalene sering tidak bisa diakses karena serangan yang bertubi-tubi selama sebulan terakhir.— Magdalene (@the_magdalene) June 9, 2020″These attacks, whatever their motives are, will hurt the freedom of the press, limit the space for dialogue and discussion, and in the end, they will destroy the opportunity for alternative media to grow,” the message continued.
The Republican Party will provide mandatory coronavirus testing at its August national convention in Jacksonville, according to a memo delivered on Monday.The plan to require thousands of attendees to get tested for the coronavirus before entering the convention site illustrates the efforts the party is undertaking to ensure President Donald Trump speaks to a packed house when he accepts the nomination.US Senator Chuck Grassley, an 86-year old Republican from Iowa, said on Monday that he will skip the Republican National Convention in August due to coronavirus concerns. The Jacksonville Host Committee has not provided details on the logistics or how the cost will be covered.“Everyone attending the convention within the perimeter will be tested and temperature checked each day,” Erin Isaac, communications director for the host committee, said in a memo to reporters.The bulk of the Republican convention was moved from North Carolina after the state’s Democratic governor, Roy Cooper, would not commit to allowing a full convention because of pandemic concerns.The decision to relocate to Florida was made prior to the state’s recent spike in coronavirus cases, which have grown from 667 new cases on June 1 to more than 10,000 new cases on Monday. Topics :
The United States last week ordered the closure of the Chinese consulate in Houston, alleging espionage, and Pompeo declared that decades of Western engagement had built a “Frankenstein” Beijing.Australia has fought alongside the United States in every major conflict since World War I and its right-leaning government has largely backed the Trump administration’s approach.Australia recently followed the United States in rejecting Beijing’s sweeping claims in the South China Sea and has backed calls led by Pompeo for an international inquiry into the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic.Critics accuse Trump of attacking China in an election year to distract from his own handling of the coronavirus in the United States, which has suffered the highest death toll of any country. Payne and Reynolds, in a statement before their trip, said they would self-quarantine for 14 days on their return in line with Australian requirements for all international travelers.The United States and Australia on Monday opened top-level talks in which they are expected to seek a common front amid soaring tensions between Washington and Beijing.US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Defense Secretary Mark Esper welcomed to Washington their Australian counterparts, Marise Payne and Linda Reynolds, for two days of talks that will include a news conference on Tuesday.The annual talks come as President Donald Trump’s administration takes an increasingly hard line against China on issues from defense to human rights to trade.The United States last week ordered the closure of the Chinese consulate in Houston, alleging espionage, and Pompeo declared that decades of Western engagement had built a “Frankenstein” Beijing.Australia has fought alongside the United States in every major conflict since World War I and its right-leaning government has largely backed the Trump administration’s approach.Australia recently followed the United States in rejecting Beijing’s sweeping claims in the South China Sea and has backed calls led by Pompeo for an international inquiry into the origins of the COVID-19 pandemic.Critics accuse Trump of attacking China in an election year to distract from his own handling of the coronavirus in the United States, which has suffered the highest death toll of any country.Payne and Reynolds, in a statement before their trip, said they would self-quarantine for 14 days on their return in line with Australian requirements for all international travelers. The United States and Australia on Monday opened top-level talks in which they are expected to seek a common front amid soaring tensions between Washington and Beijing.US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Defense Secretary Mark Esper welcomed to Washington their Australian counterparts, Marise Payne and Linda Reynolds, for two days of talks that will include a news conference on Tuesday.The annual talks come as President Donald Trump’s administration takes an increasingly hard line against China on issues from defense to human rights to trade. Topics :